The answer to this question is BOTH!

Naturally occurring glass is known as obsidian. Our curious and inventive ancestors tried to mimic what they saw in nature. They noticed that sand melted when it was put near the fire and liked the results. Centuries of development later has resulted the glass you use today.

So how is glass made nowadays?

Ingredients

To make glass you will need the following ingredients:

Silica (sand)

Sodium Carbonate

Calcium Oxide (from limestone)

Lots of heat!

Optional Ingredients:

To obtain different effects, such as colour, you can use one or more of the following options:

Cullet (recycled glass – see below in Recycling Section

Magnesium or Aluminium oxide (can be used in place of Calcium Oxide)

Lead (if you want to make crystal glasses)

Boron (to change thermal and electrical properties)

Lanthanum Oxide (if you need enhanced light reflective properties)

Iron (to absorb infra-red energy)

Colour (change the colour by adding various metals or oxides)

Coatings (you may wish to coat your glass to give it a special finish.)

Lots more heat!

Process

1. Heat your ingredients to 1,500 – 1,600 Deg C and cook for up to 50 hours.

2. For float (sheet) glass, allow the molten glass to flow onto a layer of molten tin. Add any coatings you may wish to use and allow to cool slowly in a lehr.

3. For containers and drinking glasses, firstly make a “parison” or pre-form (thick miniature bottle shape) by pressing or blowing a blob of molten glass (called a gob) into a shape using a mould. Put the pre-form into another mould and use compressed air to push the sides out and into the shape of the final bottle or glass. Cool, re-heat and allow to cool again (this prevents breaking).

Don’t try this yourself at home!

Recycling

Glass is a great material to recycle – it can be re-used again and again. It saves mining for the raw materials and it requires much lower temperatures.

When you send your glass to be recycled, it will be cleaned, sorted into colour and processed to remove any impurities. This will leave “cullet”. This is added to the raw ingredients where it quickly melts and is added to the mix.

So now you have a brief knowledge of how glass is made!

Copyright: you may freely republish this article, provided the text, author credit, the active links and this copyright notice remain intact.

Why is penis health care important?

Not only do partners find a well cared for penis more attractive and a turn-on, which ultimately leads to greater sexual satisfaction, but a well groomed and cared for penis is also more durable. This means that the penis can withstand more. The penis skin is more elastic and less susceptible to dryness and cracking, which can be unsightly and lead to infection. In addition, the penis is able to maintain erections for longer and can ‘go the distance’ so to speak, without sustaining damage, especially during vigorous activity.

What essential vitamins and minerals rejuvenate penis skin?

Essential vitamins and minerals do much more than rejuvenate penis skin. They carry out many other functions as well. These are as follows:

– Penis skin sensitivity is increased.

– Blood flow and circulation are improved, as well as capillary function

– The skin cells are protected from damage

– A barrier is formed that prevents moisture loss and prevents dry skin from occurring on the penis, which can lead to cracking and possible bacterial infection.

Essential vitamins, amino acids, minerals, and anti-oxidants, such as vitamin A, B5, C, D and E, Alpha Lipoic Acid, Actelyl L Carnitine, L-arginine, and Shea Butter are vital to penis health as these products enable the penis to function well.

Vitamin A: has anti-bacterial properties that help eliminate odor and keep penis skin hygienic

Vitamin B5: increases cell metabolism in penis skin

Vitamin C: aids in collagen production and increases penis skin tissue firmness

Vitamin D: increases penis skin cell function

Vitamin E: aids in penis skin moisture retention

Alpha Lipoic Acid: a powerful antioxidant that reduces aging and penis skin wrinkling

Actelyl L Carnitine: increases penis skin sensitivity

L-arginine: maintains strong capillaries and aids blood flow

Shea Butter: softens and protects the penis skin from moisture loss

The essential penis care program

Many men only consider their penis when they engage in sexual activity, and this undoubtedly is why they find that their sex lives are not as fulfilling as they would like. Proper penis care starts when waking in the morning and ends when going to sleep, however it need only take up a minute or two in any busy schedule.

An essential penis care program should be simple, but effective, and it should allow the penis to retain its natural oils whilst aiding in penis skin rejuvenation. This means not only using the right hygiene products regularly, but also using a moisturizer that contains essential vitamins and minerals for the penis, which stimulate skin rejuvenation.

A suggested weekly penis care program is as follows:

Shower every 1-2 days and use a glycerine or sorbolene cream instead of soap. Soaps strip the skin of natural oils and can cause irritation and they tend to reduce delicate skin’s sensitivity. If uncircumcised, don’t use anything other than warm water to clean under the foreskin of the penis.Then dry thoroughly, but gently, once out of the shower.

Apply a moisturizer that is a penis specific creme (health professionals often recommend Man1 Man Oil) daily, as this increases skin sensitivity and keeps the penis in optimal condition, so that sexual function is improved.

Penis health care is ‘a must’ in this day and age, there simply are no excuses. The penis is depended on and it is a great source of pleasure both for its owner and those who come into contact with it, so it makes sense to take a little extra time to care for it adequately. In fact, regular care and maintenance should be a daily activity, much like brushing hair and teeth, shaving, and showering. This ensures that the penis is kept in optimal condition and is able to meet any requirements that are asked of it, when needed.

Are you sick of paper thin skin that’s getting older looking by the day? The skin gets thinner and thinner as it ages because the growth of collagen and elastin is reduced. There are creams, lotions, and natural remedies to thicken skin. How effective they are depends on if they effectively can boost your growth of collagen and elastin.

To boost your growth of those vital proteins you need to look at the causes of the reduced growth. Sure, the aging process itself is a big cause. But another big one is nutritional deficiency caused by eating too little nutritious foods or by things that leech nutrients from your body.

To thicken your skin the best thing you can start doing is including lots of nutritious foods in your diet. Especially organic fresh fruit, vegetables, berries, and other whole foods help rejuvenate your skin. A good idea is also to supplement with natural vitamins, minerals, and omega-3.

You should also avoid things that reduce your nutrient absorption. These are things like smoking, stressing, and an excessive alcohol intake. Things like these harm your body and make your skin age much faster.

Now let’s look at what is the best cream for thin skin.

You should use a cream that works to thicken skin naturally by increasing your own growth of collagen and elastin. As you start producing more collagen and elastin your skin will start getting thicker and smoother. In order to find a cream that really works you need to look at the ingredients and find proven effective ones.

Ingredients like cynergy TK, nano-lipobelle H-EQ10, and avocado oil have shown in scientific studies with volunteers to stimulate the production of collagen and elastin, making their skin tighter, healthier and younger looking. These ingredients are completely natural and when used in completely natural skin creams they produce a synergistic effect, giving a much greater anti-aging effect than just the individual benefits.

The best lotions for thin skin don’t only have proven ingredients; they also have the right amounts of them. Many of the creams out there look like they are effective, but when you look closer you discover that the best ingredients are only added in the minimum amount. Such creams are largely ineffective but found everywhere in the market.

To find the best creams for aged thin skin find a company that promises to put the optimal amounts into their products always, no matter how much it costs to manufacture them.

Losing weight can really be a tough task. It seems to be a matter of sacrificing something in exchange of something else. You need to give up your usual diet while giving an extra effort for your workout. This is actually not anyone’s fault since being fat is not only caused by too much food intake but is also brought about by genetic factors, unhealthy lifestyle, and hormonal problems. But whatever the reason may be, you still have to give extra effort especially if you really want to remove belly fat.

When it comes to diet, whole foods are best suggested while in the process of losing weight. As much as possible, avoid eating fried foods and it will be much better if you prefer foods that are cooked via steaming process. Low fat foods, foods low in calories and organic foods that are known to help best in getting rid of belly fat must be considered. Oatmeal is suggested by experts as the best food for slimming down however, it should be prepared without salt or sugar. If you don’t like the taste, you can try adding fruits and a little honey instead of sugar. Dairy products like low fat milk and lactose-free milk products can also help in burning belly fat.

Fruits and vegetables are also excellent fat burners as these foods are high in fiber and low in calories. There are also essential fats that are needed by the body so better include olive oil and fatty acids like omega 3 from fish in your diet. This must be taken in frequently as this will guarantee to remove belly fat to best assist you with the entire process of burning fat. Since you need to keep a healthy diet, you must cut down your intake of chocolates, ice creams and chips. Instead, go for cereals, fruits and vegetables.

Drink a lot of water as this can dissolve fatty substances that might build up fats in the body. In the process of burning fats, eating pattern must also be observed. It is best if you divide your three meals into six. In this manner, you will be able to eat less in each meal. You should also eat your meal at least four hours before going to bed to be certain that the food taken is properly digested before sleeping. This must be observed as calories are best burnt while you are awake.

Although diet takes a big contribution in building up fats, this doesn’t mean that you need to give up ingesting foods. You still have to eat but be sure that you’re eating the right foods. You must also have the right exercises as an abdominal muscle workout and cardio exercise that will be best to remove belly fat fast.

In your purpose of getting rid of unwanted fats like such in your belly, a strong will power must be established. You must have self discipline to observe proper diet and to take extra effort to do the workout. You must be certain that your purpose of taking this is not for anybody else but for a healthier you.

Men are often hesitant to talk to their health care providers about penal issues, but most men are affected by common penis problems such as red penis; Loss of penile sensitivity; Itching; Dry, flaky penis skin; Irritation; Painful intercourse; And unpleasant odors. Using a moisturizer or penis health crème containing penis-specific vitamins and minerals as part of the daily cleansing routine may provide important penis health benefits. The following discussion provides important information on the most common issues that can affect the penal and what can be done to prevent them from occurring.

The 5 most common penis problems – what causes them and how to treat them

• Diminished penis sensitivity: The friction caused by dry masturbation, aggressive sex, or overly-restrictive clothing can cause deadening of the nerve cells near the skin's surface, as well as toughening the outer layers of skin in a similar manner to the calls that form On the hands or feet but to a much lesser degree. These issues can lead to reduced penis sensation and a consequent loss of sexual enjoyment. This disturbing problem can be avoided, or even reversed, by keeping the outer dermal layer well-moisturized with a healing crème that contains vitamins D and B5, which have important skin-rejuvenating qualities.

• Dry penis skin: Dry rubbing, frequent sex, and even sensitivity to soaps or detergents can cause drying of the penis skin, leading to flaking, soreness during masturbation and intercourse, and an unattractive reddened or wrinkled appearance. Avoiding dry penis skin is as easy as treating the penis with effective, all-natural moisturizers such as shea butter and vitamin E.

• Itchy, red, penis skin: Redness, flaking, itching and soreness of the penis can be caused by multiple penis problems, including psoriasis, fungal infections, sensitivity to harsh soaps and chemical detergents, as well as more serious problems such as STDs. The best way to prevent red, itchy and flaky skin is to maintain the integrity of the outer dermal layer by raising the penis with a preparation containing nutrients such as vitamins A and C.

• Sore, overly sensitive penis skin: An overly-sensitive penis is often caused by sexual or frequent masturbation; Bacterial infections may also cause redness, inflammation and pain. Certain nutrients, such as vitamins E and A, as well as amino acids such as acetyl L carnitine, have been shown to prevent soreness from occurring, as well as inhibiting the development of infections, which are often the result of bacteria entering the body through Microscopic fissures in damaged skin.

• Penis circulatory issues – including dysfunction, unsightly capillaries on penile skin, curved or bent erect penis: Over time, rough treatment such as dry masturbation can cause damage to the tiny capillaries directly under the surface of the penile skin, leading to numerous problems, Including collapsed blood vessels which present a spidery appearance under the skin; Circulatory issues that can lead to diminished sensation and even reduced erectile function, and a painful condition known as Peyronie's disease, which causes the penis to bend and curve when erect. Regular moisturizing and use of a high-quality lubricant can help to prevent these undesirable conditions from developing.

How to avoid these common penis problems

In order to avoid these common men's issues, health professionals recommend treating the penis skin with a specialized penis health crème (most health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil) that can help prevent such problems as dry skin, red penis, penis rash, irritation and Itching, circulatory problems, and diminished penis sensitivity. The benefits provided by the penis-specific ingredients, which include several essential vitamins, minerals, and amino acids, can boost the body's natural healing ability and keep you feeling great and performing at your best.

We can be grateful to American Indians for a multitude of herbal and natural medicines. Pau d’arco has a been used as a medicine by the indigenous people of the rainforest. The Pau d’arco tree is a broad-leaf evergreen that grows to a height of 125 feet and produces violet colored flowers which accounts for it’s often being called the “trumpet tree”. It grows well in Peru and Argentina high in the Andes. It can be found growing in the low-lying areas of Paraguay and Brazil. It’s use goes back in history to before the Incas. Pau d’arco tree was used to make hunting bows and as a medicine. It was observed by indigenous people that when the tree was alive and even after it was cut down, it never developed growth of mold, mildew, or fungi.

The Guarani and Topi Indians refer to the tree as “tajy, which means “to have strength and vigor” i.e. good health. Tribal medicine people peeled off the tree’s bark in long strips. They then separated the inner and outer layers and used the inner bark to make healing teas. Pau d’ arco has crystalline oxygen infused in it’s inner bark, which is rich in iron, calcium, selenium, vitamins A, B-complex and C., magnesium potassium and sodium. These pau d’arco nutrients make give it antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal action which stimulates the immune system and fights disease. Indigenous people of South America have used pau d’arco for treating malaria, anemia, colitis, respiratory problems, colds, cough, flu, fungal infections, fever, arthritis and rheumatism, poor circulation, skin irruptions and sexually transmitted disease.

Lapachol, which is a photochemical, is present in the inner bark of pau d’arco trees has been documented as an effective natural medicine for use in treating abscesses and tumors. However, for it to be used to treat conditions such as cancer, the amount of lapachol, found in pau d’ arco, required to provide and effective dosage, would be toxic if used as the exclusive treatment. It can however, be used along with other cancer treatments. Pau d’arco is given free by the Argentina government to cancer patients and also leukemia patients because of it’s blood purifying qualities and because it has been know to reduce pain caused by cancer and it’s treatment because of pau ‘d arco’s anti-inflammatory effect.

Pau d’arco contains selenium which is one of our body’s natural defenses against yeast infections, vaginally as well as for topical skin treatment. It’s antifungal action aids in the elimination of candida. Because of it’s antifungal properties, it is useful for fighting fungi that promotes athlete’s foot and other skin infections caused by fungi. It has also been shown to be effective in treating other infections such as tuberculosis, pneumonia, strep, and dysentery. Pau d’arco has a cleansing ability so is very useful for relieving intestinal infections, destroying parasites, and restoring colon health. A number of infection fighting substances known as napthoquinones seem to destroy certain disease causing bacteria, without destroying beneficial bacteria. This makes it an excellent natural antibiotic.

As a preventative, pau d’arco has been shown to help build our immune system with the stimulation of macrophages that fight disease. Pau d’arco has a high iron content that contributes to the elimination of wastes, the assimilation of nutrients and increasing oxygen supply to needed areas of the body. It helps improve hemoglobin and red blood cell corpuscles.. It therefore can be used for relief from chronic fatigue. Pau d’arco blood cleaning qualities makes it an excellent anti-allergy, anti-rhumatic, astringent, and cardiotonic. It is also often used to balance high blood pressure. It helps tone, balance and strengthen the heart. Pau d’arco helps to neutralize the poisons involving the liver which aids the liver in it’s blood cleansing function.. By improving the health of our blood and it’s flow we greatly increase the effectiveness of our immune system.

Pau d’arco is very useful in treatment and relief of colds, flu, herpes and hepatitis because of it’s antiviral qualities. It therefore is an excellent alternative or synthetic prescription or over-the -counter cold and flu “treatments” that often only suppress symptoms without actually curing the cause or may carry the risk of unwanted, sometimes harmful, side effects e.g drowsiness, etc.

With our concern about the undesired side effects of prescription antibiotics i.e. destroying beneficial bacteria or becoming ineffective because of bacterial mutation, we can find in pau d’arco ,a powerfully effective natural antibiotic alternative. As is true of many natural health care remedies, pau d’arco has many general health care benefits beyond the specific intended purpose. For example, if we use pau d’arco for relieving a cold, we will also benefit from it’s cleansing action of our blood and liver, fighting of yeast infection, elimination of intestinal parasites, etc. We an also benefit from it’s general immune building properties while treating a specific health condition. Once again, we benefit from the experience and wisdom of indigenous people, as they discovered and developed the use of pau d’arco another of Nature’s powerful gifts, a natural antibiotic.

I wrote earlier messages on the stress and the importance of mining. Their budget add plants, you can reduce the stress that may occur. Studies have shown that the ability to see that the green in the indoor environment can reduce stress in minutes. A green plant in your field of vision is much better, your level of stress, the soothing with caffeine, to calm down food or alcohol.

During photosynthesis, plants absorb carbon dioxide and oxygen version that can improve air quality. The night stops during photosynthesis, most plants use the script, intake of oxygen and carbon dioxide release. However, there are some plants that night release oxygen, which can help to preserve air quality, to improve the quality of sleep and reduce insomnia. Plants that have this property include orchids, succulents, such as Aloe Vera, jade or Christmas Cactus plants and bromeliads.

Houseplants can help to increase the development and creativity, by your attention directed to relax and renew. Note, that if you’re out in the Park, your senses are stimulated and engaged with the trees, leaves or flowers. There to capture your attention without effort or not Channelized, attention focused attention, which serves these plants, focusing on certain tasks relaxed and rested. The market, plants and flowers in the double experience allows drew attention to renew. Studies show that the tasks in the calming effect of nature better and more accurate, what higher quality of results.

In addition, it was found that the plants in the rooms of the patients have a positive effect on the health and well-being of the patient. Researchers at Kansas State University found that patients in rooms with plants were a faster recovery than those rooms without them. Compared patients with plants in their rooms, less fatigue were including in the rooms without plants, and anxious, asked fewer painkillers, low blood pressure and heart rate and earlier from the hospital.

There are many advantages for your interior, add green plants. The plants are easy to find, available in many varieties and an excellent value for the benefits that they offer. Choose the best options for your location and the flora of the spectrum of care can be the biggest challenge. My first choice is a Floridian Peace Lily. The name is program – it is reassuring and attractive while looking at the white flower of bursting the dark leaves; You can not help but think soothing thoughts.

Take: Add something green and growing on the decoration of your House. The simple addition of houseplants promotes health and well being of life.

Unless you have thinning hair, it is hard to understand just how devastating it can be to a woman who is losing her hair. This is especially true when that woman’s hair used to be thick. That is the position that I found myself in these last few years, and I really thought that there was nothing that could be done about it. I had no idea that a product called Folliform is on the market, and it is available without any kind of prescription too. It is a pill that is taken once a day, and it really does help hair to regrow.

I realize that it may not work for everyone, but it has done miracles for my own hair. It had gotten to the point where I started to wear a hat whenever I could because so much of my scalp could be seen. (more…)

Many bodybuilders and sports buffs have tried a variety of nutritional supplements to help them achieve the ripped body they’ve always dreamed of. There is no specific brand of supplement that works for everyone, so the advice these guys usually get from their trainers is to try what is best and what works for their particular workout regimens.

While there is a long list of supplements specifically for fitness buffs, among the most sought-after are pre workout nutritionals. These supplements are popular especially to those who love doing hardcore workouts and long hours in the gyms. But for newbies who do not understand the important of pre workout and supplements made especially for such activities, it is essential that you know what these nutritionals can do to help you.

Many newbies in the gym go straight for nutritional products that will make them ripped. There’s nothing wrong with aiming for the specific nutritional product if you have an objective already set. But not taking other nutritionals to boost your inner core and energy would be like striking a hard wall unprepared.

Anyone who wants to be hardcore bodybuilder should look for pre workout supplements that offer essential nutrients to benefit your performance. Here’s a short list of what you should look for:

[1] It should help boost energy

Most bodybuilding supplements provide nutrients that boost energy. But it is important to search for one that actually targets and improves vascular energy to support your workout and other strenuous activities. For someone who loves to go to the gym and would like to stretch his limits, a pre workout nutritional product can benefit your goals of having high energy levels, low risks of crashing, and sustained stamina all throughout your workout.

[2] Supports mental focus and alertness

Many of today’s sports nutritional products contain caffeine as a main ingredient. Everyone knows that this is the same chemical compound in coffee and other beverages that even non-bodybuilders love to drink. Caffeine is chosen and often commonly used in many sports nutritionals because it helps target mental alertness and focus, as well as improves energy levels.

[3] Helps improve metabolism

It is essential to have a nutrient in your supplement that improves metabolism. This helps you burn more calories and accelerates fat and weight loss effectively. For newbie bodybuilders, this is a great way to lose unwanted body fat while gaining lean muscles at the same time.

[4] Helps improve your performance

Serious bodybuilders and sports buffs know the importance of performing. But without proper nutrients, the body will not function well and muscles will not properly develop over time. High intensity workouts require hours and hours of training in the gym, so do sports trainings and activities. Improving the carnosine levels in your muscles is one vital process that can be done by combining nitric oxide precursors and a type of beta-alanine – ingredients that are usually found pre workout nutritionals.

Proper nutrients are essential in order to meet the goal of improved physique and energy. It is not enough that you go to the gym on a regular basis if you want to gain muscles and improve your performance as a bodybuilder or sports and fitness buff. By searching and finding the right nutritional product that delivers all of the above benefits and more, you can hit your goal in no time.

A good pre workout supplement that helps improve energy, metabolism, and performance is not difficult to find especially today. Check out Top-Pre-Workouts to help you achieve your goals in no time.

Everyone loves a great hairstyle, but it can be a challenge to take care of it in extreme weather and temperatures. Unless you spend the whole of winter indoors, you would want some workable hair solutions to care for your hair at all times.

Keeping your hair moist is very important as your moisture can be easily lost in windy and hot conditions, making it dry and brittle, and tending to break easily. When there is a change of extreme temperatures, hydrating it is crucial to keep it in good health, such as in the case of entering a warm environment from the outside cold.

Ways to care for your hair
To avoid causing brittleness, always use the medium temperature when using the dryer; not using it is a better option, although this may be hard for many. As moisture is lost from your hair in extreme weather conditions, blow drying increases the damage. Dry and brittle hair is the end result. This goes too for the flat and curling irons.

Frequent hair washing is helpful in extreme weather conditions, although many think otherwise. They prefer to put on a cap or hat to cover their hair while some wear a scarf over their hair, all of which causes a high increase of sebum in your hair. It is more advisable to wash your hair frequently to remove the sebum and dirt sticking onto your hair, and eliminate the possibility of scalp problems like dandruff and an itchy scalp.

Hair care products
Sometimes one needs the extra assistance that comes in the form of good quality hair care products. Hair care specialists have designed special products through deep research and study to put back what is lacking in your hair for a return of its glow and good health. Keep in mind to check the ingredients of your hair care product. It should have majority of natural ingredients.

Choose a hydrating shampoo and a good conditioner as part of your hair care regimen. Sometimes you can leave the conditioner on for a longer time to get rid of the static; at times, you might want to put on a masque to repair your hair and strengthen it.

Consult a hair care professional to identify the best hair care product for your type of hair and stick to the best one to give your hair that healthy vibrant look in all seasons.